NEW YORK TIMES : The Problems With Risk Assessment Tools / Pretrial Jail /
New York Times :
The Problems With Risk Assessment Tools
They give recommendations that make future violence seem more predictable than it is.
Où un logiciel influence la décision de maintenir ou non en détention provisoire...
"More than 30 years ago, the Supreme Court affirmed in United States v. Salerno that “liberty is the norm, and detention prior to trial or without trial is the carefully limited exception (...) By crunching large volumes of criminal history data, risk assessment algorithms try to calculate a person’s risk of future violence based on patterns of how often people with similar characteristics were arrested for a violent crime in the past. Different algorithms draw on different personal characteristics, like prior convictions, length of current employment or even ZIP code. Some even consider whether a person owns or rents a home or has a cellphone".
- septembre 2020
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